Upper and lower jaws are the foundation upon which teeth are supported. Crooked and crowded teeth are hard to clean and maintain. Such problems can contribute to tooth decay, gum disease and tooth loss. A bad bite can also cause abnormal wear of tooth surfaces, difficulty in chewing and/or speaking, excess stress on supporting bone and gum tissue, and possible jaw joint problems sometimes leading to chronic headaches or pain in the neck. Straight teeth are less prone to decay, gum disease and injury. Straight teeth collect less plaque, a colorless, sticky film composed of bacteria, food and saliva. Decay results when the bacteria in plaque feed on carbohydrates (sugar and starch) we eat or drink to produce acids that can cause cavities. Plaque can also increase the risk of periodontal (gum) disease. When teeth are properly aligned and cared for, these risks decline. As for injuries to teeth, protruding upper teeth are more likely to be broken in an accident. When reposition and aligned with other teeth, these teeth are most probably going to be at a decreased risk for fracture.
For problems related to jaw formation and misalignment (skeletal problems,) other dental specialists, such as an oral surgeon or periodontist, may be needed
Apart from the functional aspect of your teeth and jaws, there’s the emotional side of an unattractive smile. An attractive smile is a wonderful asset. When you’re not confident in the way you look, your self esteem suffers. Children and adults whose malocclusions are left untreated may go through life feeling self-conscious, hiding their smiles with tight lips or a protective hand.
Finally, without treatment, many problems become worse. Orthodontic treatment to correct a problem may prove less costly than the additional dental care required to treat the more serious problems that can develop in later years.